Remember:

Pull out the important information

Decide what operation to use (add, subtract, multiply, divide)

When in doubt – DRAW it out (make a picture or diagram)
#1: Sixteen children have ice cream cones. Eleven children have ice cream bars. Three children have icecream cups.
 How many ice creams do the children have in all?
 How many more cones do they have than ice cream cups?
#2: Lin and Karina volunteer to walk dogs in their neighborhood. They each walk the same number of dogs. Lin walked 5 dogs.
 How many dogs did they walk altogether?
 If their friend Lauren helps, how many dogs could they take now?